Scoliosis is a sideways (lateral) curvature, combined with a corkscrew like (rotation) twisting effect of the spine. Scoliosis affects between 2% and 3% of the population. 
Scoliosis can affect both children and adults.

Scoliosis in Children

For the majority of children this is very mild and needs no treatment. However, for those who need treatment, early diagnosis is important to prevent any further problems from developing.  Scoliosis is best treated whilst children are young as the body responds better to treatment when the spine is still flexible and still growing.

Causes of Scoliosis:

80% of scoliosis cases in children are “idiopathic”, Idiopathic scoliosis is triggered by a genetic abnormality causing unbalanced growth.
Abnormal development of the bones in the spine which is present at birth (congenital).
Many conditions affecting the nerves and muscles (neuromuscular system) can cause scoliosis.

Scoliosis in Adults

There are two main types of scoliosis which affect adults:
 Degenerative Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (adult degeneration of a curve that develops in adolescence)
 De-novo Scoliosis (a degenerative scoliosis spontaneously occurring in adult life)